Monday, October 02, 2006

Alphabet: Phonics/Decoding

EDUC3313 Fall 2006
Laura Orr
Alphabet: Phonics/Decoding
Language Arts

Trade Book: Curious George Learns the Alphabet

Author: H. A. Rey

Time: 30-45 min

In this lesson, the goal is for students to recognize the symbol and sound of each leter of the alphabet.

The learner will say each letter of the alphabet as I point to it, with 85% accuracy.

The learner will identify the alphabet by sound, with 85% accuracy.

PASS Standards:
Language Arts Reading/Literature: The student will apply a wide range of strategies to comprehend, interpret, evaluate, appreciate and respond to a wide variety of text.
Standard 3: Phonics/Decoding – The student will demonstrate the ability to apply sound-symbol relationships.
1. Identify the alphabet by name.
2. Identify the alphabet by sound.

Big pad of paper
Marker to write with
Book: Curious George Learns the Alphabet
Literacy Center

Procedure for Teaching/Methods:
Anticipatory Set:
Sing the alphabet song. Children that know the song may join in while you are singing.

Clarify the Objectives:
“Today we are going to learn about the letters in the alphabet. We are also going to read about a little monkey that did not know his alphabet so the man in the yellow hat taught him.

Instructional Input:
Read: Curious George Learns the Alphabet.
Discuss the book with the children as you go along. Summarize the book as you read it. Children will get bored quickly if you read everything. As Curious George learns about each letter, write it down on a big pad of paper. Write both uppercase and lowercase, so children can visually see the difference. Also say the sound the letter makes and the letter as you write it. (ex. Say “/b/, /b/”, write and say “B”; say “/d/, /d/”, write and say “D”.)

Check for Understanding:
Observe the children while you are reading. Occasionally ask the students what the next letter is, what sound the letter makes, or what the picture is. Then tell them that the picture starts with the ­___ sound (which ever letter you are talking about). Check for responses from everyone. If a few are not responding, call on them for the answer. Once you are finished reading the book, have all the children say the sound and the name of a letter as you point to it. Sometimes point to an upper case letter, while other times point to a lower case letter. If some children are not answering, call on them when you point to a letter.

Ask children to sing alphabet song with you as you point to each letter. Sometimes point to uppercase and other times point to lower case.

Student Product/Independent Practice:
Blog activity. Instruct children to do the “Uppercase/Lowercase” activity at home. Tell them to go to the blog
Kindergarten Am I Nuts. They may need help from their parents to get there and get to the activity. Then, they need to comment on the activities with the help of their parents. (Getting parents involved at home is a great way for the parents to see what their child is learning, and actively participate in the learning process.)

Were the children able to name each letter with 85% accuracy? Were the children able to recognize the sound of each letter with 85% accuracy? I will work with students individually that struggled during the discussion.

Rey, H. A. (1963). Non-Fiction: Curious George Learns the Alphabet. Boston, Ma: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Literacy Center Education Network. (2006). Retrieved October 2, 2006, from

Reading, Speaking, Listening, Writing, Visual Representing

Uppercase/Lowercase Activity

Click on the hyperlink below, and select the uppercase/lowercase activity. Once you are in the activity, there are three numbers at the top of the page. Do all three activities and then add a comment to the blog. Before you begin, make sure the speakers on your computer are turned on. In the first activity, use your mouse to match the uppercase and lower case letters with the up and down arrows on the screen. For the second activity, click the number 2 at the top of the screen. Then, click one time with the mouse to activate the activity. Then type in any letter on your key board to see the letter light up and hear the name of the letter. For the third activity, click the number 3 at the top of the screen. Then, play the match game with your mouse. Match the uppercase letter to its lowercase letter. Once you are done, ask your parents to help you type a comment on the blog page telling me which activity you liked best and why.